India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.India encompasses a wide range of biomes: desert, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, swamplands, …
What is the position of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Where does India stand in the world in terms of biodiversity?
India stands in the twelve rank in terms of biological diversity in the world. It has about 47000 of plant species. It occupies tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in regard to plant diversity.It has about 89,000 of animal species and rich variety of animals.
Is India a biodiversity country?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
Which state of India has highest biodiversity?
|No.||Name of the Site||State|
|3||Cashew tree at the Nombizhi LP School||Kerala|
Where is biodiversity the highest?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
Why India is called mega biodiversity?
The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
How many biodiversity centers are there in the world?
There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Which is the mega biodiversity center?
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is biodiversity of Gujarat?
Gujarat state has many biodiversity hotspot. Little Rann of Kutch, Greater Rann of Kutch, Jamnagar, Porbandar, Velavadar, Thol lake, Nal sarovar etc.
|Quality Grade||Research Grade, Needs ID|
Which states in India are called the Gate of biodiversity?
Northeast States of India is blessed with a wide range of physiographic and ecoclimatic conditions and the geographical ‘gateway’ for much of India’s endemic flora as well as fauna.