Question: What are the main cause and effects of climate change in Ethiopia and the Horn?

… respect to causes of climate change, the respondents rank deforestation 83 (45.6%), rapid population growth 56 (30.7%) and agricultural expansions 21 (11.5%) are the top three main causes of climate change in Ethiopia followed by air pollution 12 (6.6%).

What are the main cause and effects of climate change in Ethiopia?

The country’s vulnerability to climate change is further increased by high levels of poverty, rapid population growth, and reliance on rain-fed agriculture. In addition, high levels of environmental degradation, chronic food insecurity, frequent natural drought cycles, etc.

What is the effect of climate change in Ethiopia?

It is predicted that changes in climate will lead to recurrent droughts and heavy rainfall in different parts of Ethiopia, reducing the amount of land that can be used for agriculture and decreasing crop productivity.

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What are the causes and effects of climate change?

Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels and destroying rainforests, have an increasing influence on the climate and the Earth’s temperature. This adds huge quantities of greenhouse gases to those naturally present in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

How has climate change affected the Horn of Africa?

A new drought has swept across the Horn of Africa, creating widespread displacement. … There is strong evidence pointing to a connection between climate change and drought. A hotter planet means more evaporation of water from the soil, and altered patterns of rainfall. Climate change is not the only driver of drought.

What are the effect of climate change in crop production in Ethiopia?

The simulation results suggest that climate change will likely have only relatively small effects on average yields of maize, wheat, and sorghum in Ethiopia up to 2055, as agronomic conditions for cultivation of these crops may actually improve in large parts of the country.

What are the factors that affect climate in Ethiopia?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

What are the major environmental problems in Ethiopia and explain them?

With the exception of climate change, the major environmental issues affecting Ethiopia are soil erosion and land degradation, deforestation and forest degradation, water scarcity, biodiversity loss, and various types of pollution.

What is the cause and consequence of climate change and discuss the national adaptation strategies of Ethiopia for the climate change?

According to the country’s National Adaptation Program of Action, climate change in Ethiopia will bring changes in precipitation patterns, rainfall variability, and temperature, which could increase the frequency and occurrence of floods and droughts.

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What is Ethiopia climate?

Overall, Ethiopia is considered largely arid, but exhibits a high variability of precipitation Ethiopia’s climate is generally divided into three zones: 1) the alpine vegetated cool zones (Dega) with areas over 2,600 meters above sea level, where temperatures range from near freezing to 16°C; 2) the temperate Woina …

What are the 5 effects of climate change?

More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities. As climate change worsens, dangerous weather events are becoming more frequent or severe.

What are the 5 causes of climate change?

5 Causes of Global Warming

  • Greenhouse Gases Are the Main Reasons for Global Warming. …
  • Cause #1: Variations in the Sun’s Intensity. …
  • Cause #2: Industrial Activity. …
  • Cause #3: Agricultural Activity. …
  • Cause #4: Deforestation. …
  • Cause #5: Earth’s Own Feedback Loop.

What are the 10 causes of climate change?

Top 10 Causes Of Global Warming

  1. Oil and Gas. Oil and Gas is used all the time in almost every industry.
  2. Deforestation. Deforestation is the clearance of woodland and forest, this is either done for the wood or to create space for farms or ranches. …
  3. Waste. …
  4. Power Plants. …
  5. Oil Drilling. …
  6. Transport and Vehicles. …
  7. Consumerism. …
  8. Farming. …

What are the causes of climate change in Africa?

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.

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What are the effects of climate change on Africa’s environment?

The main longer-term impacts of climate change in Africa include changing rainfall patterns affecting agriculture and reducing food security; worsen- ing water security; decreasing fish resources in large lakes due to rising temperatures and overfishing; rising sea levels affecting low-lying coastal areas with large …

What are the effects caused by climate change in South Africa?

Health risks in South Africa that climate change would aggravate over the next few decades include heat stress; vector-borne diseases (such as malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever); extreme weather events; air pollution; communicable diseases (such as HIV/AIDS, TB and cholera), and non-communicable diseases (such as …