Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Where is biodiversity The highest Why?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Where is biodiversity The highest and lowest?
Tropical forests are widely considered to have the greatest species diversity of the terrestrial biomes and the tundra biome has the least.
Is there more biodiversity on Earth near the equator or pole?
Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.
Which continent has the most biodiversity?
As a continent, America has the most biodiverse countries in the world. Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and the United States are the countries in this continent that have many different ecosystems and species.
Where is the least biodiverse place on Earth?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
How many biodiversity centers are there in the world?
There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots.
Why is Earth’s biodiversity greatest near the equator?
There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.
Why is there higher biodiversity in the tropics?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Which continent has the highest diversity in terms of natural regions?
Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent.
Which country supports almost 10% of biodiversity on the Earth?
South Africa. One of the most diverse countries in the world. It contains nearly 10% of all known species of birds, fish and plants registered in the world and 6% of mammal and reptile species.