Where are biodiversity hotspots located in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

Where are biodiversity hotspots located?

7 Biodiversity Hotspots You Should Know

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas .

Where is the most biodiversity found in India?

Some of these biodiversity hotspots are present in India which includes:

  1. The Western Ghats. These hills are present along the western edge of peninsular India. …
  2. The Himalayas. This region comprises Bhutan, Northeast India, and Southern, Central and Eastern Nepal. …
  3. Indo-Burma Region. …
  4. Sundaland.
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What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

What is an example of a biodiversity hotspot?

The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.

What are biodiversity hotspots in India 12?

Additional information: India has 4 biodiversity hotspots: The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundarland and it also includes the Nicobar group of Islands. These hotspots have lots of endemic species.

Which region has highest biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Which are the hotspots found in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

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How many hotspots are there in India name them?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Is Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot?

The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here.

Why India called mega diversity country?

The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.

Why India is called mega biodiversity?

Biogeographically, India is situated at the tri-junction of three realms – Afro-tropical, Indo-Malayan and Paleo-Arctic realms, and therefore, has characteristic elements from each of them. This assemblage of three distinct realms makes the country rich and unique in biological diversity.