India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
Whats is biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
Where is biodiversity in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What are different types of biodiversity in India?
There are the following three different types of biodiversity:
- Genetic Biodiversity.
- Species Biodiversity.
- Ecological Biodiversity.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
Why is Indian biodiversity important?
Biodiversity in India, particularly, is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. Among auspicious flowers offered in temples are Hibiscus offered to goddess Kali and Datura flowers to Lord Siva.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
What is the importance of biodiversity in India?
Formation of a Healthy Ecosystem: Biodiversity is important to maintain a healthy ecosystem that supplies oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is the important of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. … Our tourism industry also depends on biodiversity .
What is biodiversity and its type?
Biodiversity refers to the variety of species both flora and fauna present in an area. It can be classified into following three types: Genetic diversity: It is the diversity within species. Species Diversity: It is the diversity between species. ecosystem diversity: It is the diversity between ecosystems.
Which type of biodiversity is most important?
As of right now, humans only have a scientific handle on about 1.75 million of those species. That’s why species diversity is an important part of biodiversity; the more species that live and co-exist in one area, the more biodiverse that area is, therefore the more biodiverse the ecosystem is.