Forests are biologically diverse ecosystems that provide habitat for a multiplicity of plants, animals and micro-organism. According to the Convention of Biological Diversity forest biodiversity is a term that refers to all life forms found within forested areas and their ecological roles.
Why is biodiversity important in a forest ecosystem?
Forests and wetland ecosystems provide crucial buffers to extreme storms and flooding related to climate change. These ecosystems are complex, which means they function best, and are more resilient to the effects of climate change, when all the pieces of the ecosystem are in place — meaning the biodiversity is intact.
What is biodiversity in an ecosystem?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What effect does biodiversity have on a forest?
Forests are critical habitats for biodiversity and they are also essential for the provision of a wide range of ecosystem services that are important to human well-being. There is increasing evidence that biodiversity contributes to forest ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
How much biodiversity is in forests?
Unique Biodiversity. Eighty percent of the world’s known terrestrial plant and animal species can be found in forests, and tropical rainforests are home to more species than any other terrestrial habitat. A square kilometer of forest may be home to more than 1,000 species.
What is biodiversity with example?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What is biodiversity and sustainability?
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity. To use biodiversity in a sustainable manner means to use natural resources at a rate that the Earth can renew them. It’s a way to ensure that we meet the needs of both present and future generations.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
Where in a forest is the most biodiversity?
Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.
How does biodiversity affect the sustainability of an ecosystem?
The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem. A great variety of genes and species means that the ecosystem is better able to carry out natural processes in the face of external stress. Thus, the ecosystem is more sustainable.
Why is biodiversity important in trees?
Healthy forests store carbon, host animals, and support communities. And last but not least, diverse forests do everything better. More biodiversity improves soil carbon storage. And rich forests store twice as much carbon as plantations with only one species.
What is biodiversity in simple words?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is the difference between biodiversity and ecosystem?
Biodiversity is a complex term that includes not only the variety of different animals (species diversity) but also the difference between animals of the same species (genetic diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity). … Worldwide, about 1.75 million different species have been identified.