The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin within the Neotropical realm. The ecosystem it forms is not presently found anywhere else on earth.
What type of ecosystem is South Florida?
The remaining natural component of the south Florida ecosystem includes freshwater and terrestrial systems such as ponds and sloughs, sawgrass marshes, wet prairies, hammock forests, bay heads, cypress forests, pine forests, mixed swamp forests, and dry prairies; and coastal systems such as bays, coral reefs, mangroves …
What type of ecosystem does Florida have?
As a peninsula, Florida is surrounded on three sides by two main bodies of water, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its water centrality and extremely low ratio of land sea levels, Florida is composed of marshland, swampland, lakes, springs and rivers.
How many ecosystems are in South Florida?
Ecosystems & Species
Florida has more than eighty distinct ecosystems, which are home to many different plant and animal species.
What ecosystem is found along Florida’s southwest coast?
Florida’s mangroves: Florida is home to approximately 2,700 square kilometers of this dominant subtropical coastal ecosystem. Florida’s mangrove swamps are concentrated along the southwest coast, where the Everglades and Big Cypress Swamp drain to the Gulf of Mexico.
What are the 7 ecosystems in Florida?
- Tropical Coral Reefs.
- Inshore Marine Habitats.
- Salt Marshes.
- Dunes & Maritime Forests.
What are the ecosystems?
An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. Biotic factors include plants, animals, and other organisms.
What are the six components of the South Florida ecosystem?
Ecological communities found in this subregion include beach dune, coastal strand, maritime and tropical hardwood hammocks, pine rocklands, scrub, pine flatwoods, mangrove swamps, coastal saltmarsh, freshwater marsh, and wet prairie (Myers and Ewel 1990, Science Subgroup 1996).
What ecosystem in Florida has the greatest diversity?
The Everglades, a complex wetland mosaic bounded by human development at the southern tip of the Florida Peninsula, is home to a wide array of species, including 68 threatened or endangered animal species.
What type of ecosystem is Central Florida?
The Green Swamp. Sometimes called the “liquid heart” of Florida, this 500,000-plus acres of what remains largely backcountry lies between Tampa and Orlando. It includes complex and delicate systems of cypress swamps and marshes, pine flatwoods and hardwood forests and is home to 30 threatened or endangered species.
What type of ecosystem is Miami Florida?
Sensitive ecosystems, including coral reefs, Biscayne Bay, coastal wetlands, Everglades marshes, hardwood hammocks and globally imperiled pine forests are so unique that two National Parks, a National Marine Sanctuary, Florida aquatic preserves and water conservation areas have been established within Miami-Dade, a …
What is the species diversity in southern Florida?
We rank 7th with 4,368 known animal species, and 6th for vascular plant diversity, with 3,038 species. Florida also ranks among the top five states in endemic species, which are animals and plants only found in our state and nowhere else in the world. We have 269 species of animals you can only find in Florida!
What are the major land features or ecosystems of Florida?
What are the major land features or ecosystems of Florida? The Florida peninsula is made of up four main land regions: the coastal plains, the uplands, the Everglades and the Florida Keys. Found across these regions are a variety of water features, including marshes, springs, swamps, lakes, rivers and ponds.
What is one ecosystem in Florida that is endangered by human development?
The Florida Everglades: Rescuing an Endangered Ecosystem. Fifty percent of one of the world’s irreplaceable gems has disappeared and the other 50 percent is dying, both the result of human development.
Which region contains the country’s most threatened ecosystem in Florida?
Wildlife of Northwest Florida are most threatened by destruction and fragmentation of habitat due to human development – residential and commercial urbanization (both inland and along the beaches), conversion of forested land to pasture and intensive agriculture and road construction projects facilitating more …