What are the two main means of biodiversity conservation?

Two types of methods are employed to conserve biodiversity. They are- In situ conservation and Ex-situ conservation.

What are the 2 main ways of conserving biodiversity?

6 Ways to Preserve Biodiversity

  • Support local farms. …
  • Save the bees! …
  • Plant local flowers, fruits and vegetables. …
  • Take shorter showers! …
  • Respect local habitats. …
  • Know the source!

What are the two main types of biodiversity?

Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

What are the types of conservation of biodiversity?

In situ conservation

  • National parks and sanctuaries.
  • Biosphere reserves.
  • Nature reserves.
  • Reserved and protected forests.
  • Preservation plots.
  • Reserved forests.

What is the meaning of conservation of biodiversity?

Conservation of biodiversity is protection, upliftment and scientific management of biodiversity so as to maintain it at its threshold level and derive sustainable benefits for the present and future generation.

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What is ex situ conservation?

Ex situ conservation is the technique of conservation of all levels of biological diversity outside their natural habitats through different techniques like zoo, captive breeding, aquarium, botanical garden, and gene bank.

What are the 3 main types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

What is biodiversity explain the types of biodiversity?

“Biodiversity is the variation among living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a part.”

What are the two main conservation strategies endorsed by the Convention on Biological Diversity?

The convention has three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.

What are the types of conservation?

What are the 4 types of conservation?

  • Environmental Conservation.
  • Animal conservation.
  • Marine Conservation.
  • Human Conservation.

What is wildlife conservation and the two types of conservation?

Many types of wildlife conservation are used in order to protect the vast array of species under threat from human activities. Wildlife conservation efforts involve habitat conservation, endangered and keystone species protection, ex-situ efforts, and poaching prevention.

What is biodiversity conservation class 12?

Biodiversity can be defined as the occurrence of different types of genes, gene pools, species, habitats and ecosystem in a given region. (i) The term biodiversity was given by a socio biologist Edward Wilson to describe the combined diversity at all the levels of biological organisation.

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What is the need of conservation of biodiversity?

Biodiversity conservation protects plant, animal, microbial and genetic resources for food production, agriculture, and ecosystem functions such as fertilizing the soil, recycling nutrients, regulating pests and disease, controlling erosion, and pollinating crops and trees.

Which of these is the most effective means of conserving biodiversity?

In situ conservation methods are most effective ways to conserve the biodiversity of a region. The biosphere reserve is an in situ conservation method.