The climate change will increase energy of destruction of soil minerals resulting in simplification of mineral matrix due to accumulation of minerals tolerant to weathering. It will lead loss of soil function for fertility maintenance and greater dependence of on mineral fertilizers.
How does climate affect the fertility of soil?
Of interest, climate is one of the five soil forming factors and has a significant influence on the properties of soil. Soils in warmer or wetter climates are more developed than soils in cooler or drier climates. … Warm conditions promote the chemical and biological reactions that develop parent material into soil.
How does climate change affect the soil?
Climate change puts soil under pressure
In some parts of Europe, higher temperatures may lead to more vegetation growth and more carbon stored in the soil. However, higher temperatures could also increase decomposition and mineralisation of the organic matter in the soil, reducing organic carbon content.
What is the relationship between climate and soil?
Climate influences soil formation primarily through effects of water and solar energy. Water is the solvent in which chemical reactions take place in the soil, and it is essential to the life cycles of soil organisms. Water is also the principal medium for the erosive or percolative transport of solid particles.
Why will climate change impact levels of soil erosion?
Soil erosion by water is more widespread and its impact greater than that by wind. Climate change is likely to affect soil erosion by water through its effect on rainfall intensity, soil erodability, vegetative cover and patterns of land use.
How does climate change affect carbon in the soil?
Likewise, increased temperatures may impact the carbon balance by limiting the availability of water, and thus reducing rates of photosynthesis. Alternatively, when water is not limiting, increased temperatures might increase plant productivity, which will also impact the carbon balance (Maracchi et al. 2005).
What is the role of climate in soil development?
Climate indirectly affects soil formation through its influence on organisms as well. High temperatures and rainfall increase the degree of weathering and therefore the extent of soil development. Increase of rainfall increase organic matter content, decrease pH, increase leaching of basic ions, movement of clay etc.
What is the importance of climate in soil formation?
Climate: climate has a big influence on soils over the long term because water from rain and warm temperatures will promote weathering, which is the dissolution of rock particles and liberating of nutrients that proceed in soils with the help of plant roots and microbes.
Which two factors would lead to fertile soil?
The following properties contribute to soil fertility in most situations: Sufficient soil depth for adequate root growth and water retention; Good internal drainage, allowing sufficient aeration for optimal root growth (although some plants, such as rice, tolerate waterlogging);