Who first coined the term hotspots with reference to biodiversity when?

The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.

Who first coined the term biodiversity hotspot?

The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was given by Norman Myers in 1988. He first identified 10 hotspots based on the high degree of endemism and habitat loss, i.e. the regions of richest biodiversity and most endangered.

When did the concept of biodiversity hotspots arise and who discovered them?

The concept of biodiversity hotspots was originally identified by Norman Myers in 1988, when he was studying tropical rainforests and considering the broad biodiversity of the plant species and the significant habitat loss. Conservation International then expanded the concept of biodiversity hotspots on a global scale.

Who popularized the term biodiversity?

The term Biodiversity was given by W.G. Rosen. But this term was popularized by Edward Wilson. He defined biodiversity for different levels of the organization like; Genetic variation, Species variation, and ecological variations.

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Who is the father of biodiversity?

Wilson dies at 92. E.O. Wilson, the former Harvard University biologist and Pulitzer Prize winner whose study of ants and human behavior made him one of the world’s most influential scientists and prompted his calls for action to protect millions of species on the planet, has died.

What is biodiversity hotspot Upsc?

Biodiversity hotspots are regions with high species richness and a high degree of endemism. The British biologist Norman Myers coined the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988 as a biogeographic region characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and by serious levels of habitat loss.

Which is a hotspot of biodiversity?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

What is the origin of biodiversity?

Charles Darwin [2] identified the first principle of the origin of modern biodiversity, namely that all species were linked in a single great phylogeny, or tree of life, and that all could be traced back to a presumed single original species at some distant time in the geological past.

What is the term of biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

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Who gave rivet popper hypothesis?

‘Rivet popper hypothesis’ was proposed by Paul Ehrlich. According to this hypothesis in an airplane, all parts are joined together using thousands of rivets similarly in the ecosystem all are joined together by thousands of species.

Who is the father of ecology in India?

Ramdeo Misra is known as the Father of ecology in India.