It is now known as one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, which are areas of extreme species diversity endangered by pressures from humanity. The region holds, for example, 500 species of orchids, more than 100 species of primulas and rhododendrons, as well as rhinos, elephants, tigers, and red pandas.
Why are Himalayas a biodiversity hotspots?
Species from both are represented in the hotspot. In addition, geological, climatic and altitudinal variations in the region, as well as topographic complexity, contribute to the biological diversity of the mountains along their east-west and north-south axes.
Is Himalayas a biodiversity hotspot?
Eastern Himalayas form a part of the Himalayan global biodiversity hotspot. This region is exceptionally rich in diversity and endemism. It comprises of parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and extends up to Burma.
Why biodiversity conservation of Himalaya is important?
2004) and globally important as centres of biological diversity. The Himalayas is recognized for its ecosystem services to the Asian region as well as to the world at large for maintaining slope stability, regulating hydrological integrity, sustaining high levels of biodiversity and human wellbeing.
What exactly is biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
Is Andaman and Nicobar biodiversity hotspot?
Andaman & Nicobar being the hotspot of biological diversity deserves the focus of our attention. The total land area of all these islands is only about 8249 sq. km of which about 86 % is covered with lush green rain forests. These islands are the vast repository of plants.
What is Himalayan hotspot?
OVERVIEW. Stretching in an arc over 3,000 kilometers of northern Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and the northwestern and northeastern states of India, the Himalaya hotspot includes all of the world’s mountain peaks higher than 8,000 meters. This includes the world’s highest mountain, Sagarmatha (Mt.
What type of ecosystem is the Himalayas?
Tropical and Sub-tropical Broadleaf Forests:
along a narrow strip of the outer Himalayan range are the Himalayan sub-tropical broadleaf forests. Here there is a wide range of plant life thanks to the areas varied topography, soil types, and rainfall levels.
Why are the Himalayas endangered?
In addition to deforestation and other habitat loss, poaching is the main threat to wildlife in the region. Tigers and rhinos are the most at risk because of their high commercial value in the black market. Smaller animals such as deer are sometimes poached for meat, and fish are frequently poached in protected areas.
What is the climate in the Himalayas?
The Himalayas experience a wide range of climate from humid subtropical in the lower regions to permanent snow and ice at higher altitudes. A wonderful time to be on holiday. The weather is consistently warm and sunny during the day and cold at night. The weather may be less consistent.
What is the importance of the Himalaya for the ecology of India?
It includes over 51 million people who practice hill agriculture and remains vulnerable The Himalayan ecosystem is vital to the ecological security of the Indian landmass, through providing forest cover, feeding perennial rivers that are the source of drinking water, irrigation, and hydropower, conserving biodiversity, …
What is the importance of Himalayas?
Importance of the Himalayas
Many rivers that serve as a great water source for the Indian subcontinent originate at the Himalayas. They are home to many medicinal plants. They prevent dry wind. It also acts as a barrier for the monsoon winds of the Indian ocean from crossing over to Northern countries.
What are the benefits of Himalayas?
The Himalayas are a great climatic barrier. They save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia, It also prevents the rain-laden monsoon winds of Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and causes heavy rain-fall in the Northern India.
What are the 3 types of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What is biodiversity and sustainability?
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity. To use biodiversity in a sustainable manner means to use natural resources at a rate that the Earth can renew them. It’s a way to ensure that we meet the needs of both present and future generations.
What is biodiversity class 8?
Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. It includes variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Flora and Fauna: The plants found in a particular area are termed as flora area.