What causes winds and ocean currents that affect climate?

Ocean and wind currents are formed by a process known as convection. Both convection and pressure affect the flow of water and air. As air and water currents move from one area to another, they affect the general climate of the area they are moving into.

How do wind and ocean currents affect climate?

Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. … Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

What causes wind and ocean currents?

Ocean currents can be caused by wind, density differences in water masses caused by temperature and salinity variations, gravity, and events such as earthquakes or storms. … Surface currents in the ocean are driven by global wind systems that are fueled by energy from the sun.

How do wind currents affect climate?

As the horizontal currents are moving south or northwards, they carry with them cool or warm water over an extended distance. It is the displaced water that affects the air, by warming or cooling it, thereby transferring the same effect to the land surface over which it blows. This is how ocean currents affect climate.

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How do wind currents affect climate quizlet?

Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. In general, how do currents carry water? Currents carry warm water from the tropics toward the poles and bring cold water back toward the equator.

How the ocean affects climate?

The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …

What causes wind currents?

Wind currents are produced due to the non-uniform heating of the Earth. That means uneven heating at the equator and the poles. This warm air rises and the making up of cooler air from the regions with the 0-30 degrees latitude belt on either side of the equator moves in. This is how wind currents are being generated.

How does wind affect oceans?

How does wind affect ocean circulation? Surface ocean currents are primarily affected by wind patterns. Trade winds can push water along the top of the ocean and aid in the formation of surface currents. One example of a wind-driven circulation affecting an ocean current is the Gulf Stream.

What causes ocean currents quizlet?

A directional movement of ocean water; surface currents result from steady winds over the ocean surface; deep ocean currents result from density variations due to temperature and salinity differences.

How does wind affect ocean temperature?

When the wind pipes up, it stirs the ocean, and it moves temperatures that are either very cold near the bottom up to the surface, or warm temperatures, it’ll mix them down.

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How do ocean currents affect climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

What are the effects of ocean currents?

Effects of Ocean Currents

  • They result in rain. Warm currents lead to evaporation, which turns into the rain for the coastal areas. …
  • They can also cause deserts. …
  • They can destroy marine wildlife. …
  • They help with the continuity of life. …
  • They save up on time and costs. …
  • They can result in deaths.

What role do wind and ocean currents play in climate quizlet?

What is The difference between weather and climate? … What role do wind and ocean currents play in climate? Ocean currents affect the temperature by moving hot or cold water from one location to another; prevailing winds bring cold or hot air from one location to another. How do latitude and altitude affect climate?

Do ocean currents influence many marine climates?

Many marine climates are also influenced by ocean currents. The main factors that affect precipitation are prevailing winds, the presence of mountains, and seasonal winds. A mountain range in the path of prevailing winds influences where precipitation falls.

How do ocean currents affect air masses?

When currents move around land masses, clashing air temperatures can lead to the formation of clouds, fog, and cause precipitation. Ocean currents, and ocean water in general, can lead to atmospheric instability. … This water vapor increases the temperature and humidity of the air, leading to precipitation and storms.

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