What are hotspots of biodiversity Name any two hotspots in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

What is biodiversity hotspot area?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.

What are hotspots of biodiversity give two example?

Hot spots are those regions of rich biodiversity which have been declared sensitive due to direct or indirect interference of human activities. 2. The three hotspots in India are Western Ghats, Indo-Burma region and Eastern Himalayas.

What are hot spots explain the spots in India?

A hotspot is an area which faces serious threat from human activities and supports a unique biodiversity (endemic, threatened, rare species) with representatives of evolutionary of speciation and extinction. …

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How many hotspots are there in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What are hotspots of biodiversity class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

What are biodiversity hotspots in India 12?

Additional information: India has 4 biodiversity hotspots: The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundarland and it also includes the Nicobar group of Islands. These hotspots have lots of endemic species.

What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.

What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

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Is Sundarban a biodiversity hotspot?

Sunderbans forests, locally known as Badabon, are one of the richest biodiversity hotspots in India. This UNESCO World Heritage site is known for its mangroves, coastal forests that serve as a biological buffer between the land and sea.

How many hotspots are there in India biodiversity?

Biodiversity hotspots are located only in tropical regions. India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

Is the hotspot of biodiversity in India Mcq?

In India four hotspots are present namely, Himalayas, Western Ghats, Indo-Burman region and Sundaland which consists of Nicobar group of Islands. So, the correct answer is option “C” that is the Western Ghats are considered a hot-spot of biodiversity in India.