Tropical forests are typically biodiversity hotspots and are usually filled with endemic species. The Upper Amazonia/Guyana Shield, the Congo Basin, and the New Guinea/Melanesian Islands have the highest number of endemic terrestrial (land-living) species on Earth .
Which countries are biodiversity hotspots?
In alphabetical order, the 17 megadiverse countries are:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo.
What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in our country?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What are examples of biodiversity hotspots?
Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria. For example, both the Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia and the Tropical Andes Hotspot in South America have about 15,000 endemic plant species. The loss of vegetation in some hotspots has reached a startling 95 percent.
Which country has the highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why is Madagascar a biodiversity hotspot?
Because Madagascar has been an island for tens of millions of years, many of the plants and animals that live there are found nowhere else, making it an extremely important biodiversity hotspot. Scientists estimate that about 90% of the plants on Madagascar are endemic, while about 85% of animals are endemic.
Is Trinidad a biodiversity hotspot?
Home to an astounding number of tropical ecosystems and over 3,000 species and counting (including 470 bird species in just 2,000 square miles), Trinidad and Tobago is an often overlooked gem in the world’s biodiversity. …
Is Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot?
The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here.
How many hotspots are there in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Asia?
Braimoh and Wendy Elliott. Southeast Asia is a bio-cultural hotspot encompassing about 20 per cent of global plant, animal and marine species. The region contains three mega diverse countries — Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines — where four of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots are located.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
Which is not a biodiversity hotspot in India?
So, the correct option is ‘North Indian Plains’.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Pakistan?
As a consequence of these geographical and climatic factors, Pakistan has been divided into 10 major ecological or vegetative zones.
Why is the Philippines considered as biodiversity hotspot?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. Philippines is known to be a home to 52,177 described species of which 50% or more are believed to be endemic.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?
Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.