Climate change disrupts food availability, access to food and food quality through the increased variability of weather. Located on the equator, the Philippines has a tropical marine climate. Thus, there are two distinct seasons: wet and dry.
How does climate change affect food availability?
Changes in temperature, moisture, carbon dioxide, insect pests, plant diseases, and weeds associated with global warming are projected to reduce food production in North America. The extent of alterations in crop yields will depend on each crop and its particular environmental requirements.
How does climate change affect the production and supply of food?
Food may become more expensive as climate change mitigation efforts increase energy prices. Water required for food production may become more scarce due to increased crop water use and drought. Competition for land may increase as certain areas become climatically unsuitable for production.
How climate change affect the crop production in the Philippines?
“Due to climate change, crop yields are expected to decline by 25 per cent in tropical countries like the Philippines. Catches of main fish species are also expected to decline by 40 per cent,” Fernandez said during the 5th Farm Tourism Convention in Iloilo City, Philippines early this month.
What factors affect the availability of food in the Philippines?
What Causes Food Insecurity in the Philippines?
- Food availability. The economy of the Philippines is heavily dependent on agriculture. …
- Food access and stability. The biggest challenge to accessing food in the Philippines is the lack of income due to unemployment. …
- Food utilization.
How does climate change affect food availability food accessibility food utilization and food system stability?
Climate change affects food production and availability, access, quality, utilization, and stability of food systems. In short, it impacts all aspects of the food system. Extreme weather-related disasters are increasing and reduce the yields of major crops. Higher levels of CO2 reduce the nutritional value of crops.
How does temperature affect agricultural production?
Higher nighttime temperatures may increase respiration at night causing declines in yield (e.g. rice) and flowering or reproduction (e.g. beans). Most crops can tolerate higher daytime temperatures during vegetative growth, with photosynthesis reaching an optimum at between 20°C and 30°C (Wahid et al., 2007).
How does the climate of the Philippines affect the livelihood of the Filipino?
Thirty-two per cent believed that climate change is caused by human activity, and 20% thinks it caused by natural processes. Filipinos feel that the following factors will amplify climate change – deforestation, increased poverty, inadequate waste disposal, population increase, and poor infrastructure.
How is Philippines affected by climate change?
Impacts of climate change in the Philippines are immense, including: annual losses in GDP, changes in rainfall patterns and distribution, droughts, threats to biodiversity and food security, sea level rise, public health risks, and endangerment of vulnerable groups such as women and indigenous people.
How does climate change affect the Philippine economy?
Based on the modeling scenario described above, climate change is projected to reduce long-term economic growth in the Philippines by 0.02 percent per year, which equates to a 3.8-percent reduction in gross domestic product (GDP) in 2050 (Figure 4).
What factors affect the availability of food?
These considerable factors are cost, taste, cultural norms, and convenience. Apart from these, there are also factors such as socioeconomic status and ease of food accessibility, which basically affects the nutrient quality and types of food purchases (Gustafson et al., 2016).
What is the main cause of the rise in the hunger situation in the Philippines?
High rates of hunger and malnourishment in the Philippines are primarily due to high food costs and a large low-income population. Additionally, the government lacks focus on addressing the problems associated with hunger, such as regional agricultural laws.
How did COVID-19 affect the food establishment in the Philippines?
When the COVID-19 pandemic reached the Philippines, a large portion of banana production in those areas was still in disarray. Unlike rice and pork meat, banana prices were not subject to a price freeze during community quarantine. Sharp increases in prices were observed between 14 March 2020 and 17 March 2020.