Frequent question: How much does India contribute to the world biodiversity?

India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.

Does India contain 6% of the world’s biodiversity?

India has a rich biodiversity, covering a wide variety of habitats from tropical rainforests to high-altitude vegetation and from temperate forests to coastal wetlands. India contains about 7 to 8% of the world’s biodiversity on 2% of the Earth’s surface. India is one of the 12 megadiversity countries in the world.

What percentage of the Earth’s biodiversity is 5% in India?

India has about 8 percent of the world’s biodiversity on 2 percent of the earth’s surface, making it one of the 12 mega-diversity countries in the world. Of about 1.75 million species globally identified, around 1,26,188 species have been reported so far from India.

How much biodiversity does India have?

India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.

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Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?

Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

Which state in India has maximum biodiversity?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.

How many global biodiversity hotspots are shared by India?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Which state has the most biodiversity in India?

Madhya Pradesh, is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources. It is a reservoir of biodiversity. The forest area of the state constitutes 31% of the geographical area of the state and 12.44% of the forest area of the country.

Which country has the best biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

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Is India a mega diversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

How is India one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

How India is a important country in world in term biodiversity?

India`s Biodiversity

India ranks among the top ten species-rich nations and shows high endemism. As per the 4th National Report on Biological Diversity (2009), Govt. of India, in India, so far over 91,200 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants have been documented in its ten biogeographic regions.