The Earth’s surface can be divided into three climatic zones based on rainfall and temperature controlled by atmospheric convection currents. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system further subdivides the Earth’s surface based on rainfall, temperature and seasonal patterns.
What are the characteristics of climate zones?
A climate zone results from the climate conditions of an area: its temperature, humidity, amount and type of precipitation, and the season. A climate zone is reflected in a region’s natural vegetation.
What are the 5 types of climate zones?
There are approximately five main climate types on Earth:
Why do different climate zones have different characteristics?
This happens because the Sun’s light is most directly overhead at the equator. At the poles, light falls at an extreme angle, and only a part of its energy and warmth reaches the ground. That’s why, in general, climate areas tend to be warmer towards the equator and cooler towards the poles. This varies with lattitude.
What are the main characteristics of the 6 climate types?
The six major climate regions are polar, temperate, arid, tropical, Mediterranean and tundra.
- Polar Chill. Polar climates are very cold and dry throughout the year. …
- Temperate Regions. …
- Arid Zones. …
- Damp Tropical Regions. …
- The Mild Mediterranean. …
- The Cold Tundra.
What are the 3 characteristics of climate?
The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time. Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography.
What are the five characteristics of climate?
The meteorological elements include temperature, precipitation, extreme temperature, and extreme precipitation.
Where are the different climate zones?
There are 4 major climate zones:
- Tropical zone from 0°–23.5°(between the tropics) …
- Subtropics from 23.5°–40° …
- Temperate zone from 40°–60° …
- Cold zone from 60°–90°
What are the 7 climate zones?
- A – Tropical Climates. Tropical moist climates extend north and south from the equator to about 15° to 25° latitude. …
- B – Dry Climates. …
- C – Moist Subtropical Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- D – Moist Continental Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- E – Polar Climates. …
- H – Highlands.
What are the different climate zones in the world?
Climatic Zones of the World
|Polar||very cold and dry all year|
|Temperate||cold winters and mild summers|
|Arid||dry, hot all year|
|Tropical||hot and wet all year|
What characteristics do we use to differentiate between one climatic zone and another?
The primary classification is by temperature range or fluctuation. The multitude of other characteristics in each zone follow from that condition.
What are the characteristics of weather and climate?
Humidity, air temperature and pressure, wind speed and direction, cloud cover and type, and the amount and form of precipitation are all atmospheric characteristics of the momentary conditions we call weather.
What are the 6 different climate zones?
There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental, polar, and highlands.
What are the six climatic zones?
In India, (Bansal & Minke, 1988) had carried out detailed studies and reported that India can be divided into six climatic zones, namely, hot and dry, warm and humid, moderate, cold and cloudy, cold and sunny, and composite.
What are the 13 climate zones?
In this system there are five major climate zones that are divided into 13 sub-zones, which themselves can again be split into finer groups.
- Winter dry (temperate climate)
- Winter dry (continental climate)
- Summer dry (continental climate)
- Continuously wet (continental climate)
- Polar ice caps (polar climate)